Strong Medicine Speaks

Strong Medicine

A Book by Amy Hill Hearth on the Life of Marion “Strong Medicine” Gould, a tribal elder and mother of Chief Mark Gould.

Recommended Reading

Recommended Non-Fiction and History Books:

A Delaware Indian Symposium, Herbert Kraft

A Study of Delaware Indian Medicine Practice and Folk Beliefs, Gladys Tantaquidgeon

A Study of the Delaware Indian Big House Ceremony, Frank G. Speck

David Zeisberger’s History of Northern American Indians, Rev. David Zeisberberger

Delaware’s Forgotten Folk: The Story of the Moors and Nanticokes, C. A. Weslager

Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland, Helen C. Rountree and Thomas E.Davidson

History, Manners, and Customs of the Indian Nations Who Once Inhabited Pennsylvania and the Neighboring States, John Heckenwelder

Legends of the Delaware Indians and Picture Writing, Richard C. Adams

Memoirs of Rev. David Brainerd, Based on the Life of Brainerd, Prepared by Jonathan Edwards, D.D. and Afterwards Revised and Enlarged by S.E. Dwight

Mythology of the Lenape, John Bierhorst

Oklahoma Delaware Ceremonies, Feasts, and Dances, Frank G. Speck

Strong Medicine Speaks: A Native American Elder has Her Say, Amy Hill Hearth

The Celestial Bear Comes Down to Earth, Frank G. Speck

The Culture and Acculturation of the Delaware Indians, William W. Newcomb, Jr.

The Delaware Indians, C.A. Weslager

The Lenape-Delaware Indian Heritage, Herbert Kraft

The Nanticoke, Frank W. Porter, III.

The Nanticoke and Conoy Indians, Frank G. Speck

The Nanticoke Community of Delaware, Frank G. Speck

The Nanticoke Indians Past and Present, C. A. Weslager

We Are Still Here! The Tribal Saga of. NewJersey’s Nanticoke and Lenape Indians, John R. Norwood

White Deer and Other Stories Told by the Lenape, John Bierhorst

William Penn’s Own Account of the Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians


Recommended Fiction For Children and Youth:

Little Bear Builds a Wigwam, Sherman Stoltzfus

The Indians of New Jersey: Dickon Among the Lenapes, M.R. Harrinton

The Legend of the Cape May Diamond, Trinka Hakes Noble



This slide-show is a presentation of the Richard Joseph Collection of Old and New Nanticoke and Lenape artifacts


The Nanticoke

Nanticoke Territory

The Nanticoke (pronounced Nan-TEH-coke), called the “tidewater people,” lived in the central Delmarva Peninsula primarily along the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Our Nanticoke ancestors were known for their shell beads (called “roenoke,” similar to wampum), for constructing bridges across creeks, and for their knowledge of herbal medicines. The Nanticoke were called master traders by the British. In ancient times, the Nanticoke had emerged from the Lenape, with the territories of each tribe coming together in Delaware.